Lyndon Johnson's father, Sam Ealy Johnson, moved his family from Stonewall, 14 miles away, to this house in Johnson City in 1913 when LBJ was 5 years old. Johnson City was not named after Lyndon Johnson. It was named after a nephew of LBJ's grandfather, named James Polk Johnson, who founded the town in 1875.
LBJ's mother, Rebekah Baines Johnson, was college educated and education was her passion. She taught debate to neighborhood children, as well as her own. During his Presidency, Johnson's administration passed more than 60 education bills.
Lyndon's father was a State Legislator for twelve years and LBJ, at age 10, was on the campaign trail with his Dad. By the time he was thirteen he was sitting with his father in legislative sessions. It's not hard to see that Johnson's background shaped his important political decisions.
The LBJ ranch tour includes his first school house, a replica of the house where he was born, the family cemetery, the ranch show barn, and a ranger guided tour of the "Texas White House".
LBJ wasn't satisfied with the usual guest book. He had all the people who visited the ranch sign their name in wet concrete as a permanent record of their visit.
The back yard
The LBJ Ranch was donated to the National Park service in 1972 with the provision that it remain a working ranch and not a sterile relic of the past. Today, the NPS maintains a herd of Hereford cattle descended from LBJ's registered herd and manages the land the same way LBJ did.